Angioedema is a swelling, much like hives, but the swelling is underneath the skin rather than at first glance.
Angioedema Allergy is a spontaneous swelling of skin regions of subcutaneous, dermis, mucosa and the sub mucosal tissues. This is called as ‘hives’ and it happens in the upper dermis of your skin. The patients affected using the angioedema condition must be treated immediately since it causes both suffocation in addition to airway obstruction. The swellings are often red in color and also the thick swellings occur around the head, face, neck, fingers in addition to toes. The swellings look like sausages and mostly anyone affected by it would be not able to open his/her eyelids.
The throat along with the tongue when affected helps make the patient’s condition all the more critical. This is often why immediate emergency medical attention should be given as well as in some patients the adrenaline injection is injected to alleviate him/her from the emergency situation. This infection happens in both boys and men. Both in the cases, the penis and scrotum may be involved. Angioedema is not itchy but it’s often described as swelling combined with mild pain and burning sensation.
Angioedema might be caused by an allergic reaction. Throughout the reaction, histamine and other chemicals are freed into the bloodstream. Your body releases histamine when the defense mechanisms detects a foreign substance called an allergen.
Oftentimes, the cause of angioedema is never found.
The next may cause angioedema:
- Animal dander (scales of shed skin)
- Contact with water, sunlight, cold or heat
- Foods (for example berries, shellfish, fish, nuts, eggs, milk, yet others)
- Insect bites
- Medications (drug allergy), for example antibiotics (penicillin and sulfa drugs), nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and blood pressure level medicines (ACE inhibitors)
Hives and angioedema could also occur after infections or along with other illnesses (including autoimmune disorders for example lupus, and leukemia and lymphoma).
A kind of angioedema runs in families and it has different triggers, complications, and treatments.
Plan for treatment
If you have mild angioedema, you might be able to treat it with over-the-counter antihistamines or alternative therapies. With severe angioedema, the very first priority is to be sure that the person’ s airway is open plus they can breathe. The following steps include identifying and taking out the allergen as well as relieving other symptoms. You can handle infrequent attacks because they happen. Frequent attacks may need ongoing treatment, perhaps by having an allergist, dermatologist, or any other specialist.
You need to eliminate any known or suspected triggers for allergies. Allergy testing having a trained specialist might help identify allergens. If you’re prone to angioedema, you should wear a Medic Alert bracelet.
Several medicines might help prevent or relieve attacks. For mild cases, you should use over-the-counter antihistamines, such as Benadryl, Zyrtec, or Claritin. Observe that Benadryl often causes drowsiness.
Your physician may prescribe antihistamines. Mild attacks often clear up within 4 days without or with medication. Common antihistamines include fexofenadine (Allegra), cetirizine (Zyrtec), and desloratadine (Clarinex). For severe cases, your physician may prescribe corticosteroids to lessen swelling and itching, or else you may need a shot of epinephrine (EpiPen).
Complementary and Alternative Therapies
Inside a severe attack, you need to seek emergency care immediately. Don’t take any new drugs, herbs, or supplements throughout an attack.
Following a good nutritional plan and taking advantage of some herbs among attacks may help reduce and sometimes prevent angioedema. Herbs and supplements might help reduce mild symptoms, particularly for chronic and recurring forms. You should tell your doctor about all medications, herbs, and supplements you’re taking.