Flu symptoms include high fever, chills and sweating, Drink plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration and weakness
Influenza, commonly called “the flu,” is definitely an illness caused by RNA viruses that infect the respiratory system of many animals, birds, and humans. In many people, the infection leads to the person getting fever, cough, headache, and malaise (tired, no energy); many people also may develop a a sore throat, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. Nearly all individuals has symptoms for around one to two weeks and then recovers without any problems. However, in contrast to most other viral respiratory infections, like the common cold, influenza (flu) infection may cause a more severe illness with a mortality rate (death rate) around 0.1% of people who are have contracted the virus.
The above is the usual situation for that yearly occurring “conventional” or “seasonal” flu strains. However, you will find situations in which some flu outbreaks are severe. These severe outbreaks occur whenever a portion of the human population is exposed to a flu strain by which the population has little if any immunity because the virus is becoming altered in a significant way. These outbreaks are often termed epidemics. Unusually severe worldwide outbreaks (pandemics) have occurred many times in the last hundred years since influenza virus was identified in 1933. By a test of preserved tissue, the worst influenza pandemic (also termed the Spanish flu or Spanish influenza) took place 1918 when the virus caused between 40-100 million deaths worldwide, having a mortality rate estimated to vary from 2%-20%.
Influenza – Flu – The simple facts and the cures
The flu is presumptively diagnosed clinically through the patient’s history of connection to people known to possess the disease and their symptoms in the above list. Usually, a quick test (for instance, nasopharyngeal swab sample) is performed to see if the patient is have contracted influenza A or B virus. The majority of the tests can separate A and B types. The exam can be negative (no flu infection) or positive for types A or B. If it’s positive for type A, the individual could have a conventional flu strain or perhaps a potentially more aggressive strain for example H1N1. However, a new test produced by the CDC along with a commercial company reportedly can detect H1N1 reliably within one hour; the test was formerly only accessible to the military. This year, the FDA approved a commercially accessible test that could detect H1N1 within 4 hours. Most of the rapid tests derive from PCR technology.
What causes Influenza – Flu
The Flu is caused by the Influenza virus. Health professionals classify the virus as influenza type A and kind B, each of which includes strains. These strains aren’t the same as the original virus but retain a number of it’s characteristics. The influenza virus changes often, so having flu caused by one strain doesn’t give you full immunity with other strains. This is why another vaccine is necessary every year to assist prevent infection. Influenza (Flu) is definitely spread by virus-infected droplets which are coughed or sneezed into the air, by touching door handles along with other items that have been handled by other people who are infected, the flu is extremely contagious.
Symptoms for Influenza – Flu
The flu generaly lasts per week or less, using the main course of symptoms being in a 3 day period. The symptoms of Influenza (Flu) are Fever, chills, headache, body or muscle aches, appetite loss, tiredness, cough, a sore throat, runny nose, upset stomach, weakness, diarrhea. After Three days, the fever along with other symptoms may have disappeared, but a cough or severe weakness may continue sometimes for a few more days. All symptoms are often gone within a couple of weeks. However, it’s important to treat the flu seriously, since it can lead to pneumonia or other complications, specifically in infants, senior citizens, the ones with long-term health problems. I appear to get the flu every year, and each year it seems hitting me worse compared to year before. I additionally seem to get it right at the end of Janurary or in early February of every year.
Treatment for Influenza – Flu
When you get the flu there is not a great deal you can do to get rid of it, except to hang about until it has run it’s course. The advisable thing is to stay in bed having a warm blanket and rest whenever possible. Drink plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration and weakness. And you’ll want to take Tylenol or Ibuprofen to alleviate headache and body aches. You need to avoid giving Aspirin to children. There are several new over the counter medicines that appear to shorten the duration and harshness of the flu, that you may want to try, for example: Zicam and another Oscillococcinum, often called Oscillo. I’ve tried the chewable Zicam tablets myself and the product did appear to make the flu symptoms less severe.
Home Treatments For Influenza – Flu
First, individuals ought to be sure they are not people in a high-risk group that’s more susceptible to getting severe flu symptoms. Seek advice from your physician if you are unsure if you’re a higher-risk person. Home care is usually recommended by the CDC if an individual is normally healthy without any underlying diseases or conditions (for instance, asthma, lung disease, pregnant, or immunosuppressed).
Increasing liquid intake, warm showers, and warm compresses, particularly in the nasal area, can help to eliminate the body aches and lower nasal congestion. Nasal strips and humidifiers might help reduce congestion, especially while attempting to sleep. Some physicians recommend nasal irrigation with saline to help reduce congestion; some recommend nonprescription decongestants. Fever may be treatable with over-the-counter acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen (Motrin yet others); read labels for safe dosage. Cough could be suppressed by cough drops and over-the-counter cough syrup. If the individual’s symptoms at home worsen, their doctor ought to be notified.
Prevention for Influenza – Flu
The easiest method to prevent Influenza – Flu, is to buy the Flu shot, unless your allergic into it like I am. 2 yrs in a row I got the flu shot and both times I acquired very sick within A couple of days, I got a very bad headache coupled with a severe upset stomach. Gradually alter avoide close contact with others which have the flu. Wash you hands and forearms often, espicaly after using public restrooms, opening doors and drinking at public water features. Never share cups and eating utensils and do not use other peoples tissues, touching this area is an easy way to get the flu bug. Stay home from school or work when you’re sick with the flu and rest.
Flu vaccine (influenza vaccine produced from inactivated and sometimes attenuated [noninfective] virus) is specifically suitable for those who are at high-risk for developing serious complications due to influenza infection.
A brand new vaccine type, Fluzone Intradermal, was authorized by the FDA in 2011 (for adults 18-64 years old). This injection goes only in to the intradermal area of the skin, not in to the muscle (IM) like most conventional flu shots and utilizes a much smaller needle compared to conventional shots. This killed viral preparation should be about as effective as the IM shot but states produce less pain and much less side effects