Endometrial cancer is a type of cancer that comes from the uterus. More specifically, this type of cancer starts within the endometrium, which is the layer of cells that makeup the liner of the uterus. Technically, endometrial is a type of uterine cancer.
Endometrial cancer is the most common gynecologic cancer that occurs and arises from abnormal cells that develop inside the inside lining from the uterus. It occurs most often after menopause, but can also be diagnosed before menopause.
Many instances of uterine cancer (cancer of the uterus or womb) arise from inside lining of the uterus (the endometrium). This is known as endometrial cancer. The most common early symptom is abnormal vaginal bleeding. Many instances develop in women aged within their 50s or 60s. If endometrial cancer is diagnosed in an early stage, there is a pretty good possibility of a cure.
Cancer occurs when mutated cells dominoe. Unlike healthy cells which grow and divide if needed, mutated cells continue dividing even if new cells aren’t needed. These cells eventually start to invade and break up tissues and can even visit new parts of the body. In uterine cancer, cancer cells come from the uterus, most commonly within the endometrium or inner lining from the uterus.
There are several Causes which increase a woman’s chance of getting endometrial cancer, including:
The chance of developing endometrial cancer increases as we grow older. Most of the cases of endometrial cancer exist in older women who have already been through menopause.
The ovaries produce two main hormones – progesterone and estrogen. Once the balance between these hormones is modified, the risk for endometrial cancer increases. This might occur as a result of a health condition which increases or cuts down on levels of one of these hormones. For instance, obesity, diabetes and irregular ovulation patterns may also cause hormone imbalances in your body.
Years of menstruation
The greater years a woman menstruates, the larger her risk for endometrial cancer is going to be. Women who start their period early (before age 12) and people who start menopause at an older age fall under this category. Never being pregnant: Women who’ve never been pregnant possess a higher risk of getting endometrial cancer compared to those who have been pregnant at least once.
Women who may have had the hormone therapy drug tamoxifen come with an increased risk of getting endometrial cancer. However, for many women there are enough benefits to using this drug to risk a greater incidence of endometrial cancer. For instance, some women with breast cancer take tamoxifen to assist in treating their disease.
The majority of installments of uterine cancer develop in postmenopausal women, or women who’ve not menstruated within the last Twelve months. Often, one of the first signs there may be something wrong is abnormal vaginal bleeding. Women who’re still menstruating may begin to see bleeding between periods or perhaps an unusual non-bloody vaginal discharge. Other symptoms can lead you to pelvic pain, pain while having sex and unintended weight loss. A few of the key signs and symptoms of endometrial cancer are:
- Bleeding between periods
- Prolonged bleeding in times
- Vaginal bleeding after menopause has occurred
- Vaginal discharge that is abnormal, watery or blood-tinged
- Pain while having sex
- Pelvic cramping
- Lower abdominal pain
- Bleeding after you have sex