Eating disorders – Causes

Eating disorders are conditions where a person's eating behaviors and food routine is so unbalanced they cause emotional and physical problems.

Eating disorders are conditions where a person’s eating behaviors and food routine is so unbalanced they cause emotional and physical problems.

There isn’t any single cause of eating disorders. Although concerns about weight and the body shape may play a role in all eating disorders, the particular cause of these disorders seem to result from many factors, including cultural and family pressures and emotional and personality disorders. Genetics and biologic factors could also play a role.

Possible reasons for eating disorders include personality factors, genetics, environmental factors, body image, and biochemistry. Because doctors and scientists do not know the exact causes, researchers still try to comprehend the connection between these risks and eating disorders.

Negative Family Influences

Negative influences inside the family may play a significant role in triggering and perpetuating eating disorders. Some research has produced the next observations and theories regarding family influence.
1. A rental Behaviors or Attitudes. Poor parenting by both parents has been implicated in eating disorders. One study discovered that 40% of 9- and 10-year-old girls attempting to lose weight generally accomplished it with the urging of the mothers. A maternal good reputation for eating disorders could be a factor in growth and development of eating disorders in girls, while paternal criticism of weight can result in bingeing and purging in young males.

2. Genealogy of Addictions or Emotional Disorders. Studies are convinced that people with either anorexia or bulimia may have parents with alcoholism or drug abuse than are the ones in the general population. Parents of individuals with bulimia seem to be more likely to have psychiatric disorders than parents of patients with anorexia.
3. Good reputation for Abuse. Women with eating disorders, particularly bulimia, have the symptoms of a higher incidence of sexual abuse. Research has reported sexual abuse rates up to 35% in women with bulimia.

4. Genealogy of Obesity. Individuals with bulimia are more likely than average with an obese parent in order to have been overweight themselves during childhood.

Eating disorders - Causes

Probably the most positive method for parents to help their children’s eating routine and to prevent unhealthy weight and eating disorders would be to have healthy eating routine themselves.


Many researchers think that there is an inherited predisposition to using an eating disorder. Research indicates that the co-occurrence of eating disorders for example Anorexia, Bulimia or Compulsive Overeating among identical twins is more than the co-occurrence among fraternal twins. Since identical twins are genetically more similar than fraternal twins, this could support an inherited component. Other research around the genetic element of eating disorders has centered on neurochemistry. Researchers have discovered that the neurotransmitters serotonin and neuroepinephrine are significantly decreased in acutely ill patients struggling with Anorexia and Bulimia Nervosa. These neurotransmitters also function abnormally in individuals suffering from depression. This leads some researchers to think there may be a hyperlink between both of these disorders. Besides developing a sense of emotional and physical satisfaction, the neurotransmitter serotonin also produces the result of feeling full and achieving had enough food.

Other brain chemicals are also explored for his or her possible role in eating disorders. People with eating disorders like Anorexia, Bulimia or Compulsive Overeating have shown to have a elevated level of the endocrine system vasopressin and cortisol. These two hormones are usually released in reaction to physical and possible emotional stress, and could contribute to a few of the dysfunction observed in eating disordered individuals. Other studies have found high quantity of a neuropeptide-Y and peptide-YY to become elevated in individuals struggling with Anorexia and Bulimia. These chemicals have shown to stimulate eating behavior in laboratory animals. The hormone cholecystokinin (CCK) has been discovered to be lower in women with Bulimia and it has caused laboratory animals to feel full and prevent eating.


Environmental conditions reinforce the concept of an eating disorder like Anorexia, Bulimia or Compulsive Overeating. We reside in a society that reinforces the concept to be happy and successful we should be thin. Today, you can’t read the sunday paper or newspaper, switch on the television, pay attention to the radio, or shop in the mall without having to be assaulted using the message that fat isn’t good. During adolescence, an especially vulnerable time for you to the development of a diet disorder, the influence of peers becomes important. Self monitoring and comparing ourselves to others becomes central to the psyche. Peer teasing and pressures to adapt to the norm are typical in the background of eating disordered individuals. As the body developed and changed, how others and that we reacted to those changes influenced our eventual body acceptance. Other societal issues include dysfunctional families, sexual abuse, physical abuse, domineering coaches and controlling relationships.


The concept of an eating disorder may very well be a survival mechanism. Just like an alcoholic uses alcohol to deal, a person with a diet disorder like Anorexia, Bulimia or Compulsive Overeating may use eating, purging or restricting to cope with feelings and emotions that could otherwise seem overwhelming. With the practice from the eating disorder, the person may feel a feeling of partial treatments for their seemingly uncontrollable life. A few of the underlying problems that are associated with an eating disorders include low self confidence, depression, feelings of losing control, feelings of worthless, identity concerns, family communication problems as well as an inability to deal with emotions. The concept of an eating disorder might be an expression of something which the eating disordered individual finds no other method of expressing.

Overall there are many stuff that could possibly trigger a diet disorder. These are merely a few of them. Some tend to be more understandable than the others, but some people might just do it for no discernable reason.

In any case, eating disorders really are a serious issue and victims need assistance and guidance from both medical and physiological specialists to become cured from all of these devastating problems.

Author: Health Benefits

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