Mental disorders are classified as a psychological condition marked primarily by sufficient disorganization of personality, mind, and emotions.
There are several types of mental disorders with symptoms that may be related to behavior and thoughts. The signs and symptoms may be mild to severe according to the underlying cause and the severity of the problem. Some types of mental disorders can interrupt day to day activities and make life quite difficult. It’s a common misconception that mental illnesses are uncommon. Actually, almost one-third of the population develop such conditions at least one time in their lifetime.
In the U.S. itself, around 54 million individuals are found to come up with some sort of mental illness, each year. For some people, this happens all of a sudden, because of a particular situation or event. For other people, it could be a cumulative one, (as with case of a series of events). What causes of mental illnesses might be physical or psychological or perhaps a combination of both. Whatever may be the kind of illness, early detection and treatment methods are always preferable, so as to enhance the quality of life. The treatment of each mental disorder varies. For many, counseling and therapy are located to be enough, but, for other people, medication is needed, along with counseling. A few of the severe psychological disorders require either short-term or long-term hospitalization as part of the treatment.
Different Mental Illnesses
Mental disorders are classified as a psychological condition marked primarily by sufficient disorganization of personality, mind, and emotions.Mental disorders happen to be classified by various organizations, such as the World Health Organization (WHO) and American Psychiatric Association (APA). Though, there isn’t any universally accepted list, those produced by the WHO and APA are popular. While the WHO list of mental illnesses is offered in Chapter V from the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10), APA has Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Despite the fact that, efforts were taken to think of a standardized system, both these lists differ in lots of ways. The following are some of the common mental disorders.
People with anxiety disorders respond to certain objects or situations with fear and dread, in addition to with physical signs of anxiety or nervousness for example rapid heartbeat and sweating. An panic attacks is diagnosed if the person’s fact is not appropriate for the situation, when the person cannot control the response, or maybe the anxiety interferes with normal functioning. Anxiety disorders include generalized panic attacks, post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), panic attacks, social anxiety disorder, and specific phobias.
These disorders, also known as affective disorders, involve persistent feelings of sadness or periods of feeling overly happy, or fluctuations from extreme happiness to extreme sadness. The most typical mood disorders are depression, mania, and bpd.
These disorders involve distorted awareness and thinking. Two of the very most common symptoms of psychotic disorders are hallucinations – the expertise of images or sounds that aren’t real (such as hearing voices) and delusions – false beliefs the ill person accepts as true, despite evidence on the contrary. Schizophrenia is an example of a psychotic disorder.
These involve extreme emotions, attitudes, and behaviors involving weight and food. Anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorders are the most common eating disorders.
Impulse Control & Addiction Disorders
Individuals with impulse control disorders cannot resist urges, or impulses, to do acts that could be harmful to themselves varieties. Pyromania (starting fires), kleptomania (stealing), and compulsive gambling are types of impulse control disorders. Alcohol and medicines are common objects of addictions. Often, individuals with these disorders become so associated with the objects of their addiction they begin to ignore their responsibilities and relationships
Personality or character disorders are among a few of the common types of mental illnesses. Those affected with your disorders have abnormal personality and behavioral patterns that clash using the social norms and expectations. They find it hard to deal with people and to form healthy relationships. They are rigid in their thinking pattern and behavior, thereby resulting in problems whenever they interact with people. A few of the common types of personality disorders are antisocial personality disorder, schizoid personality disorder, obsessive-compulsive personality disorder, narcissistic personality disorder and paranoid personality disorder.
You will find 3 categories of personality disorder: Odd and weird behavior – includes paranoid personality (an individual who feels that everyone and things are against them when in reality this isn’t true) and schizoid personality (apathetic to other people and no desire to socialize). Another type is schizotypal personality disorder, making people extremely anxious in social situations. They might find it difficult to form relationships.
Next is dramatic, emotional or erratic behavior, that is seen in an antisocial personality (that has no respect for regulations and often violates them, causing injury to others). This category includes borderline personality (erratic emotions and stress) too. Individuals with histrionic personality are attention seekers and manipulators. Individuals with narcissistic personality are self-centered to the core.
The 3rd category of personality disorders handles those having an anxious and fearful nature. This group includes: avoidant personality disorder (anxiety about taking risks, gullible, hypersensitive, avoids everything that include social interaction), dependent personality disorder (dependent and submissive nature, allow others to consider personal decisions, uncomfortable while lonely, need constant assurance) and obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (repetitive, compelling thoughts and obsessions concerning stuff that are not real – for example, cleaning things that are already clean).